TOEIC » TOEIC Online » Grammar » Passive Voice (Câu bị động) » Passive verb forms
 
 
Lessons in Grammar
Case, Determiners, Subject-Verb Agreement (Sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ), Pronouns (Đại từ), Conjunctions (Liên từ), Modal Verbs (Động từ khiếm khuyết), Adjectives (Tính từ), Gerund (Danh động từ), Auxiliary Verbs (Trợ động từ), Infinitives (Dạng nguyên thể), Articles (Mạo từ), Participle (Phân từ), Question Tags and Short Answers, Relative Clauses (Mệnh đề quan hệ), Conditional Sentences (Câu điều kiện), Adverbs (Trạng từ), Comparison (So sánh), Nouns (Danh từ), Prepositions (Giới từ), Tenses (Thì của động từ)
Trang 1 / 2  1 2 > >>
 
 
 
 
You must pass 10 sections below:
Introduction, Passive verb forms, Passives: Agents, Passives: Verbs with two objects, Passives: Verbs with object + infinitive, Passives: object complements, Sentence with “It is said that ….”, “He is said that ….’, Have/get something done, Need + -ing, Download
 
 
 
 
Passive Voice (Câu bị động) » Passive verb forms
  Passive verb forms
 
 

Verb forms

Active

Passive

Present simple

She cleans the house everyday.

The house is cleaned everyday.

Present continuous

The committee is considering several new proposals.

Several new proposals are being considered by the committee.

Present perfect

The company has ordered some new equipment.

Some new equipment has been ordered by the company.

Simple past

Tim Wilson wrote "The Flight to Brunnswick" in 1987.

The Flight to Brunnswick" was written in 1987 by Tim Wilson.

Past continuous

They were painting the house when I arrived.

The house was being painted when I arrived.

Past perfect

John had written a letter.

A letter had been written by John.

Future

I will finish it tomorrow.

It will be finished tomorrow.

Future continuous

John will be training the bear for the royal show.

The bear will be being trained by John for the royal show.

Future perfect

They will have elected him their leader.

He will have been elected their leader

Future intention with ‘going to’

They are going to build a new factory in Portland.

A new factory is going to be built in Portland.

Present conditional

We would clean the house if they had visitors.

The house would be cleaned if they had visitors.

Past conditional

She would have cleaned the house if it had been dirty.

The house would have been cleaned if it had been dirty.

Modal Verbs

She has to do her work by tomorrow or she’ll get in trouble with her boss.

Her work has to be done by tomorrow or she'll get in trouble with her boss.


 Note: Verbs not used in the passive (Động từ không dùng ở dạng bị động)

Not all verbs can have passive forms. Passive structures are not possible with intransitive verbs (nội động từ) like die, cry or arrive, which cannot have objects.

  • He died yesterday. (passive)
  • The baby cried aloud. (passive)

Some transitive verbs (ngoại động từ), too, are seldom used in the passive. Most of these verbs refer to states (trạng thái, tình trạng), not actions (hành động). Examples are: have, lack, resemble, suit etc.

  • I have a house in the city. (BUT NOT A house is had by me.)
  • My shirt doesn't fit me. (BUT NOT I am not fitted by my shirt.)
  • You lack tact. (BUT NOT Tact is lacked by you.)
  • She resembles an angel. (BUT NOT An angel is resembled by her.)

Some prepositional verbs (động từ có giới từ theo sau) are mainly used in the active. Examples are: walk into, agree with.

  • We walked into the room. (BUT NOT The room was walked into by us.)
  • She agreed with me. (BUT NOT I was agreed with by her.)